From Biomass to Commodity Chemicals

“An efficient didehydroxylation method for the biomass-derived polyols glycerol and erythritol.  Mechanistic studies of a formic acid-mediated deoxygenation” Arceo, E.; Marsden, P.; Bergman, R. G.; Ellman, J. A. Chemical Communications, 2009, 23, 3357. 10.1039/b907746d

Scheme 1, Proposed Conversion of Biomass Into Value Added Chemicals

A major focus in the area of “green” methods development is the mild and selective removal of functionality from readily available bio-derived feed stocks.  Unlike petrochemical derived starting materials, the majority of biomass is highly oxygenated (think carbohydrates or lignin), and before the carbon embedded within this framework can be used for all-purpose chemical manufacturing the oxygen must be removed. Continue reading